PG Credit Genomic Medicine - CPD / Course details
Year of entry: 2020
Course unit details:
Fundamentals of Human Genetics
|Unit level||FHEQ level 7 – master's degree or fourth year of an integrated master's degree|
|Teaching period(s)||Semester 1|
|Offered by||School of Biological Sciences|
|Available as a free choice unit?||Yes|
The Fundamental of Human Genetics and Genomics unit is a subject-specific lecture-based module in the MSc Genomic Medicine programme. This unit will provide essential and contemporary knowledge relating to genetic science and genetic disease. The unit consists of a mixture of e-learning modules, taught lectures and tutorials. The lectures will be delivered by a range of clinical and non-clinical academic staff, many of whom are internationally recognised experts in their field. This unit will be attended by students from Programmes of MSc Genomic Medicine and STP Genomic Sciences.
This compulsory module ensures students have a good understanding of the molecular basis of human genetic diseases. It also introduces students to the contemporary technologies used in modern genomic medicine. Students will be equipped with advanced knowledge of the genomic mechanisms that give rise to human disease, understand the application of new technologies in the diagnosis and management of genetic diseases, gain knowledge of the genetic changes that occur in tumour development and how genetic variants contribute to common diseases. They will also gain insight into how understanding these mechanisms has enabled the development of improved treatments for genetic diseases.
Teaching and learning methods
The course contains 9 hours e-lectures, 5 hours face-to-face lectures and 5 tutorial type of learning sessions. The very first 2 hours e-lectures revise the basics of genomic medicine and will be particularly useful to students who may wish to refresh their knowledge of the basics of human genetics.
The following e-lectures should be completed before the start of the course:
1. Basic background 1
2. Basic background 2
3. Chromosome abnormalities
The following e-lectures are standalone topics and can be completed at any time prior to the assessment.
1. Cancer genetics 1
2. Cancer genetics 2
3. Common disease: Polygenic disorders, GWAS
4. Treatment of genetic disease
5. Population screening
Knowledge and understanding
- Discuss the human genome structure and the properties of DNA
- Evaluate genome architecture and its variation across human populations
- Evaluate the regulation of gene expression, transcription and translation
- Appraise and interpret variation in genome structure and sequence in the context of physiological function and disease
- Assess epigenetic modifications and imprinting and its role in disease
- Explain the molecular mechanisms of Mendelian disorders
- Interpret genotype-phenotype correlations
- Appraise the current strategies for molecular diagnosis of genetic diseases using cutting edge technologies
- Understand the molecular mechanisms involved in the development of cancer
- Understand the difference between sporadic cancer and inherited cancer syndromes
- Have an overview of the current and future potential therapeutic interventions for rare disorders (for example, enzyme replacement therapy, gene therapy) and recent clinical trials for RNAi therapies
- Understand the possible uses and limitations of new genome editing technologies
- Be able to interpret clinical reports from molecular genetic diagnostic laboratories.
- Apply genomic medicine to routine clinical practice, and investigate genetic conditions.
- Assess the appropriateness of applying new technologies to modern genomic medicine research.
- Critically evaluate relevant scientific literature relating to new technologies and assess their application to modern genomic medicine.
- Evaluate methods of investigating genetic conditions to select appropriate tests for individual patients and families.
- Calculate genetic risks for Mendelian conditions using pedigree data, and the Hardy-Weinberg equation.
- Interpret clinical reports from molecular genetic diagnostic laboratories.
- Correlate genetic markers to phenotype and interpret association study data for dichotomous and quantitative traits.
Transferable skills and personal qualities
- Evaluate the benefits and limitation of contemporary knowledge of human genetics in clinical practice.
- Objectively review scientific literature.
|Written assignment (inc essay)||30%|
Formative and summative feedback given
Includes but is not limited to –
- Read, A and Donnai, D. New Clinical Genetics (3rd edition). Scion Publishing Ltd.
- Strachan, T and Read, A. Human Molecular Genetics (4th edition). Garland Science.
|Independent study hours|
|Tao Wang||Unit coordinator|