There's always something new to read about the Faculty, whether it's a new discovery by one of our academics, an award won by one of our students, or an upcoming event.
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An international team of physiologists including The University of Manchester’s Dr Holly Shiels has returned from Greenland, where they battled storms and icebergs to study one of the world’s most mysterious sharks.
University community honoured by the Queen
(19 June 2017)
Several members of The University of Manchester community have been recognised by Her Majesty the Queen in the Birthday Honours list.
Today (Thursday 15th June) is the first ever National Clean Air Day and Professor Hugh Coe says it is imperative we reduce air pollution in our towns and cities.
“Poor air quality in our cities has been estimated to lead to over 40,000 premature deaths in the UK each year. The main health effects that are known to arise from poor air quality are heart disease and poor lung function. However, infant development, cognitive function and other diseases and conditions have also been linked to air pollution, though these links are not yet well proven.”
Prof Coe says those living in major towns and cities are at the highest risk levels: “To minimise the effects of pollution on our health we need to decrease the levels of pollution in our towns and cities and also reduce our exposure to the pollution,” he says.
“The closer we are to car exhausts the greater our exposure, so living close to major highways, working for extended periods near to major traffic routes, spending a long time in a car in traffic where emissions are taken into the car through the front grille all increase our risk.”
So what makes air pollution and contaminants so dangerous and what causes it? “Oxides of nitrogen and tiny particulates less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter, that’s less than ten times the width of a human hair, exceed legislated guidelines many times each year across our cities affecting people who live and work there.”
Diesel vehicles are a particular issue according to Prof Coe, “these oxides of nitrogen are emitted largely by road vehicles and, in recent years, it has become apparent that reductions in emissions from diesels under test conditions are not being translated into on road reductions under real driving conditions. This has led to us experiencing large concentrations in our cities.”
Prof Coe adds whilst the vehicles on our roads are undoubtedly the primary source of air pollution, there are also other contributory factors: “Particulates arise from vehicle exhausts but also from other sources such as wood burning in homes in winter, commercial cooking, non-exhaust road emissions from tyre, engine and brake wear and resuspension from road surfaces. Construction makes a substantial contribution also.”
But Prof Coe adds there are some simple ways the public can help reduce emissions: “Things like not adding to pollution during the school run and exposing children to harmful pollution are extremely beneficial. Think about the journey, do you really need to use your car? And it’s not just the school run. We need to consider how we can commute to work in a cleaner, but efficient way and to think more carefully before we use our vehicles.”
That is why Prof Coe believes events like National Clean Air Day need to be embraced by the relevant authorities and general public: “The first ever National Clean Air Day aims to inform us of how we create pollution, how we can minimise it and also how we can reduce our exposure to it. The day is to encourage us into action to reduce our reliance on using our cars wherever we can, so we are not fouling the air for our neighbours.”
The University of Manchester’s Professor Nalin Thakkar has been included in a list of the top 50 most influential BAME leaders in the public sector.
New collaborative research conducted by epidemiologists at The University of Manchester and at Aarhus University, Denmark has demonstrated the strong link between being admitted to hospital for trauma as a child and different forms of harmful and self-destructive behaviour in young adults.
One of the world’s leading prostate cancer experts has been appointed by The University of Manchester to lead its cancer research strategy and to be the new Director of the Manchester Cancer Research Centre (MCRC).
University of Manchester researchers together with their UK and overseas collaborators have found out that more than one third of 1,400 people with high blood pressure have not been taking their blood pressure medication.
The public are invited to download a free app to track their seasonal allergy symptoms and to help researchers understand more about why the frequency of allergies are increasing.
Researchers at The University of Manchester have discovered that a protein (5T4) found on the surface of cells contributes to chemotherapy resistance in the most common type of childhood leukaemia. Using a novel approach, early testing shows that targeting the protein with an antibody drug conjugate (ADC) could hold promise in improving treatment.
The gruelling way doctors are often forced to diagnose a group of rare genetic disorders in children could be transformed by a new test developed by University of Manchester and Saint Mary’s Hospital.
A University of Manchester test on the mucus lining of the intestine, performed in mice, has found changes in bacteria that could lead to inflammatory bowel disease 12 weeks earlier than previously possible through looking at stool samples, leading to the possibility of earlier diagnosis and better management of the disease in humans.
Smartphones new weapon in war against anxiety
(4 May 2017)
New research has revealed that apps installed on smartphones can be used to significantly reduce anxiety.
A new study from The University of Manchester has revealed the difficulty of defining and identifying rare but serious preventable events in primary care.
A new study by University of Manchester researchers, published today - World Asthma Day - has probed the features that both patients and healthcare professionals want from an asthma management app.
Twenty one of the world’s leading pharmacologists have urged drugs companies and governments to help change the way medication is dosed by signing up to a ‘roadmap for change’.
The University of Manchester’s Humanitarian & Conflict Response Institute and Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine have signed a unique partnership with the international medical charity Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), in order to deliver an educational programme that will teach the leading humanitarians of tomorrow.
The University of Manchester is part of a new consortium which will develop new CT and MRI scan techniques and biomarkers to look at the accumulation of compounds in the body caused by drugs and the harm they may cause – potentially improving patients’ safety and the development of new treatments.
The unique experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and queer people with cancer have been shared on a new video hub from The University of Manchester, funded by Macmillan Cancer Support – highlighting differences in their care, and issues around sex, support and bereavement.
Scientists identify new way of attacking breast cancer
(18 April 2017)
Scientists have discovered a brand new way of attacking breast cancer that could lead to a new generation of drugs.
People living with Rheumatoid Arthritis have experienced significant improvements in their daily lives which is probably down to early and more aggressive treatment of the disease, according to new research from The Universities of Manchester and East Anglia.
The earliest autism intervention study in the world has suggested that a parenting intervention using video-feedback for families with babies at family risk of autism may reduce the severity of emerging signs of autism. This study is the first of its kind to work with babies in their first year of life who have a sibling with autism and are therefore at higher risk of developing the condition.
Highly effective current treatments for vision loss need to be allied with careful counselling to ensure patients maintain good psychological health as well as good vision, new research recommends.
Psychologist puts positive spin on fear of spiders
(10 April 2017)
New research by a University of Manchester psychologist could give new hope to people who are scared of spiders.
The first national report on major injury in older people has been released by the Trauma Audit & Research Network, hosted by The University of Manchester, showing that falls from a standing height are now the most common cause of major trauma.
Flare-ups in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the UK’s fourth leading cause of death, can be reduced by 20% by a combined triple inhaler, according to the results of a trial of more than 2,000 people conducted by The University of Manchester.
A landmark new study has revealed that family carers of people with cancer are providing care beyond the safe working hours recommended to preserve their health and well-being.
An international team of researchers, led by The University of Manchester, has used the UK’s Diamond Light Source facility (pictured above) to image the precise location and chemistry behind the growth in bone for the first time. Their research has provided fresh insight into how bones grow and develop, and how the traces of metal found in bones play a vital part in this process.
People taking a common rheumatoid arthritis medicine are not at increased risk of liver damage if they stick to 14 units of alcohol a week or fewer, a new study from The University of Manchester has found.
Manchester scientists are set to receive £1.2million from Cancer Research UK to help transform pancreatic cancer treatment in the UK.
Immune cells which are reduced in number by obesity could be a new target to treat diseases such as type 2 diabetes and hypertension that affect overweight people, according to a collaborative study between The University of Manchester, Lund University and the University of Salford.